here, I’m gonna discuss the what is photosynthesis and it’s chemical equation?

well, let’s start it.

photosynthesis is the process by which plants, algae and bacteria make their own food with the help of sunlight.

“photo” which means light

“synthesis” which means the production of chemical compounds by reaction

Plants need food but don’t depend on us or animal. Most plants are able to make their own food whenever they need it. This is done using light and the process is called photosynthesis.

Chemical Equation of photosynthesis:

6CO2 + 12H2O + Light Energy → C6H12O6 + 6O2 + 6H2O

Here, six molecules of carbon dioxide (CO2) combine with 12 molecules of water (H2O) using light energy. The end result is the formation of a single carbohydrate molecule (C6H12O6, or glucose) along with six molecules each of breathable oxygen and water

what’s the most important thing that needs in the process photosynthesis,

Essential requirement for plant in order to make food

  1. carbon dioxide
  2. water
  3. sunlight

first, the carbon dioxide present into the environment passes through small pores in the leaves.These poles or holes are known as stomata then the Water is absorbed by the roots and passes through vessels in the stem on its way to the leaves, in the last Sunlight is absorbed by a green chemical in the leave.


Question: Describe the process of photosynthesis in detail?

AnswerPhotosynthesis takes place in the leaves of plants. The leaves are made up of very small cells and Inside these cells are tiny structures called chloroplasts. Each chloroplast contains a green chemical called chlorophyll which gives leaves their green colour chlorophyll also help the plant to absorb sunlight coming from the sun and because this energy (sunlight) water split into water and oxygen.after that oxygen is released from the leaves into the atmosphere. hydrogen and carbon dioxide also play an important role which is used to form glucose or food for plants.

Some of the glucose is used to provide energy for the growth and development of plants while the rest is stored in leaves, roots or fruits for later use by plants.


Question: what are the Light and dark reaction?

Answer: Photosynthesis is divided into two parts:

(i) Light-dependent reactions or light reactionsLight reactions need light to produce organic energy molecules (ATP and NADPH). They are initiated by coloured pigments, mainly green coloured chlorophyll.
(ii) Light-independent reactions or dark reactions: make use of these organic energy molecules (ATP and NADPH). This reaction cycle is also called Calvin Benison Cycle, and it occurs in the stroma. ATP provides the energy while NADPH provides the electrons required to fix the CO2(carbon dioxide) into carbohydrates.

Question: What this ATP and NADPH stands for?

Answer: During the Calvin cycle, carbon dioxide (CO2) is “fixed” using energy in the form of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) and nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH), which are generated in the first stage of photosynthesis, called the light-dependent reactions.

The electrons and hydrogen ions are used to create ATP and NADPH. ATP is an energy storage molecule. NADPH is an electron carrier/donor molecule. Both ATP and NADPH will be used in the next stage of photosynthesis. ATP is an energy storage molecule. NADPH is an electron carrier/donor molecule. Both ATP and NADPH will be used in the next stage of photosynthesis.

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