Being one of the hotspots of biodiversity the nilgiri biosphere reserve has some national parks and wildlife sanctuaries within its boundaries. The nilgiri biosphere reserve is an international biosphere reserve in the western ghats and nilgiri hills ranges of south india the nilgiri sub cluster is a part of the western ghats which was declared a world heritage site by unesco in 2012.
It includes the aralam mudumalai mukurthi nagarhole bandipur and silent valley national parks as well as the wayanad and sathyamangalam wildlife.
National parks and wildlife sanctuaries in nilgiri biosphere reserve. India is a land filled with natural wonders. Nilgiri biosphere wildlife sanctuaries include such as nagarhole kabini area bandipur mudumalai mukurthi national parks as well as brt hills. Wildlife sanctuaries under nilgiri biosphere reserve the nilgiri biosphere reserve encompasses various national parks and wildlife parks under its circumference.
A wildlife sanctuary is an area of nature owned by the government or a private agency for the protection of particular species of flora or fauna during a part of the year or in its entirety. The nilgiri sub cluster is a part of the western ghats which was declared a world heritage site by unesco in 2012. The protected areas of tamil nadu state in south india cover an area of 3 305 km 2 1 276 sq mi constituting 2 54 of the geographic area and 15 of the 22 643 km 2 8 743 sq mi recorded forest area.
The reserve is home to fauna includes over 100 species of mammals 350 species of birds 80 species of reptiles about 39 species of fish 31 amphibians and 316 species of butterflies. Thus wildlife sanctuaries biosphere reserves and national parks are designated places for protecting wild plants animals and natural habitats. Some of these areas have been designated by the government as project tiger and project elephant areas.
Shakeel anwar mar 28 2019 17 32 ist. Nilgiris biosphere reserve covers an area of 5000 square kilometres of the nilgiri hill ranges its surrounding environments in the states of tamil nadu 2537 6 km kerala 1455 4. The wildlife sanctuary biosphere reserves and national park are designated places for protecting the wild plants animals and natural habitats.
Its national parks wildlife sanctuaries and biosphere reserves have a wealth of biodiversity and many rare species of animals make their homes there. The nilgiri biosphere reserve includes many national parks and wildlife sanctuaries and also declared a tiger reserve. Creation and administration of protected areas in south india originated with the maharajas.
Famously the endangered bengal tiger is protected in many of india s national parks and tiger reserves. The nilgiri biosphere reserve is an international biosphere reserve in the western ghats and nilgiri hills ranges of south india. Conservation of wildlife is the main objective of these national parks and wildlife sanctuaries.
Visitors can experience the majesty of india s forests mountains and coasts and see its. It ranks 14th among all the states and union territories of india in terms of total protected area.