legend bhagat singh | 23 march 1931
- By : Yourthunderbuddy
- Category : books-worth reading, history
- Tags: bhagat singh, bhagat singh birthday, bhagat singh history, death of bhagat singh, history of bhagat singh, information about bhagat singh, shaheed bhagat singh, when bhagat singh died, when did bhagat singh died, when was bhagat singh hanged
Hey, Friends, It’s me “your thunder buddy”
Here, I’m gonna tell you the few things about Legend Bhagat Singh and his journey as Indian Revolutionary socialist of Indian Freedom struggle during the British Raj.Let’s start it without wasting your time.
“Shaheedon Ki Chitaon Par Lagenge Har Baras Mele
Watan Par Mar Mitne Walo Ka Bas Yahi Ab Baaki Nishaan Hoga”
Legend Bhagat Singh born on 27 September 1907 in the family to Sardar Kishan Singh Sandhu and Vidyavati in a village in the Lyallpur district of Punjab, his father Kishan Singh and his two uncles Ajit Singh and Swaran Singh, which had earlier been involved in revolutionary activities against the British Rule.His Grandfather
His Grandfather Arjun Singh, was a follower of Swami Dayananda Saraswati’s Hindu reformist movement, Arya Samaj. His uncles, Ajit Singh and Swaran Singh, as well as his father, were members of the Ghadar Party, led by Kartar Singh Sarabha Grewal and Har Dayal. Ajit Singh was forced to flee to Persia because of pending cases against him while Swaran Singh died in 1910 at his home after releasing from Borstal Jail, Lahore (Punjab Province).
When Bhagat Singh was a kid, his father Kishan Singh enrolled him in Dayanand Anglo Vedic High School, an Arya Samajist school because his grandfather Arjun Singh did not approve of the school which is officially loyalism to the British authorities.
At the age of 12 (1919), Bhagat Singh visited the site of the Jallianwala Bagh incident where General Colonel Reginald Dyer ordered his troop to fired upon the innocent people along with Biashakhi pilgrims who were gathered there to celebrate their annual function of Baishakhi festival in which more than a thousand people died at that day.
when Bhagat Singh was young, he began to follow Mahatma Gandhi‘s Non-Cooperation Movement. At this point, he had openly defied the British and had followed Gandhi’s wishes by burning his government-school books and any British-imported clothing. but after the Chauri Chaura kand (1922), Gandhi withdrawal the Non-Cooperation movement, that withdrawal breaks the bhagat heart and then bhagat Singh decided to join the Young Revolutionary Movement and where he started the violated activities against the British Administration.
In 1923 bhagat Singh joined the National college Lahore where he also participated in extra-curricular activities like the dramatics society and won an essay competition set by the Punjab Hindi Sahitya Sammelan, writing on the problems in the Punjab.
Bhagat Singh was inspired by the Young Italy movement of Giuseppe Mazzini. In march 1926, he started the Indian nationalist youth organization “Naujawan Bharat Sabha” and He also joined the Hindustan Republican Association(HRA) and started revolutionary acts against the British rule along with his fellows Chandrashekar Azad, Ram prasad Bismil and shaheed Ashfaq Ullah khan.
After a year he ran away to Kanpur just to avoid his marriage with a writing note in which he states that “My life has been dedicated to the noblest cause, that of the freedom of the country. Therefore, there is no rest or worldly desire that can lure me now”.
In May 1927 Police arrested Bhagat Singh and charged against him that he had been involved in Lahore Bomb blast that had been taken placed during the Dushera festival in October 1926. he came out after the five weeks after giving the surety of Rs.60000.
On 30 October 1928, Sir James A. Simmon Visited Lahore, where Sardar Lala Lajpat Rai led the protest against Simon Commission in a silent non-violent march, but the police responded with violence and they starting beating Lala Lajpat rai harshly with lathis on his chest, Lala got some serious injuries and he died later on 17 November due to heart attack.
Bhagat Singh, who was an eyewitness to this event, vowed to take revenge and start plotting to kill the police chief Scott along with Shiv ram Rajguru, Jai Gopal and Sukhdev Thappar but instead of James Scott they had shot John P. Saunders, an Assistant Superintendent of Police, who was leaving the District Police Headquarters in Lahore on 17 December 1928. after killing the saunders, British Police started the massive searching for the fugitives.
To avoid recognition, bhagat Singh shaved his beard and cut his hair which was a violation of the sacred tenets of Sikhism after that, Bhagat Singh and Durgadevi, who is best known for having accompanied Bhagat Singh on the train journey in which he made his escape in disguise after the Saunders killing, Durgadevi was the wife of Bhagwati Charan Vohra, who is a member of Hindustan Socialist Republican Association (HSRA).
On 8 April 1929, Bhagat Singh and Batukeshwar Dutt threw a bomb onto the corridors of the assembly and shouted “Inquilab Zindabad!” “Long Live the Revolution!”.
The bomb neither killed nor injured anyone; Singh and Dutt claimed that this was deliberate on their part, a claim substantiated both by British forensics investigators who found that the bomb was not powerful enough to cause injury, and by the fact that the bomb was thrown away from people. Singh and Dutt gave themselves up for arrest after the bomb. He and Dutt were sentenced to ‘Transportation for Life’ for the bombing on 12 June 1929.
On 15 April 1929, the ‘Lahore Bomb Factory’ was discovered by the Lahore police.police also arrested the other members of HSRA, out of which 7 turned informants and start helping the police. Bhagat Singh, Rajguru, and Sukhdev were charged with the murder. Bhagat Singh decided to use the court as a tool to publicize his cause for the independence of India.
This idea was originated by Bhagat Singh, who was influenced by a similar bombing by a martyr anarchist Auguste Vaillant in the French Assembly.
When Bhagat Singh and other prisoners were in Jail they had launched a hunger strike for the rights of prisoners and those who facing trial. The main reason for the strike was that British murderers and thieves were treated better than Indian political prisoners, who, by law, were meant to be given better rights.
The aims in their strike were to ensure a decent standard of food for political prisoners, the availability of books and a daily newspaper, as well as better clothing and the supply of toiletry necessities and other hygienic necessities. He also demanded that political prisoners should not be forced to do any labor or work. This hunger strike that lasted 63 days and ended with the British succumbing to his wishes, he gained much popularity among the common Indians.
On 1 May 1930, Lord Irwin passed the ordinance and declare an emergency, this ordinance shifted the Lahore Conspiracy Case Trial from the court of Rai Sahib Pandit Sri Kishan to a Special Tribunal of three judges.
This Special Tribunal was given the power to proceed with the case in the absence of the accused and accept the death of the persons giving evidence as a benefit to the defense. Also, the verdict of this special court could not be challenged in higher court.On 7 May, this tribunal convicted Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev, and Rajguru sentenced to be hanged till death.
Other’s Revolutionary plan to rescue Bhagat Singh and fellow inmates of HSRA from the jail, for which Bhagwati Charan Vohra made bombs, but died making them as they exploded accidentally.
On 23 March 1931 at 7 pm, Bhagat Singh was hanged in Lahore along with his fellow comrades Rajguru and Sukhdev.Normally the execution was about to took place at 8 am, but at about 7 pm shouts of Inquilab Zindabad were heard from inside the jail. This was interpreted, correctly, as a signal that the final curtain was about to drop.
Thing’s that you might want to know about Shaheed Legend Bhagat Singh
Bhagat Singh was attracted to anarchism and communism, Both communism and western anarchism had an influence on him. He read the teachings of Marx, Engels, Lenin, Trotsky and Bakunin.Bhagat Singh did not believe in Gandhian philosophy and felt that Gandhian politics would replace one set of exploiters with another.
Why was Bhagat Singh’s refused to accepting the God
Bhagat Singh also used to maintained his diary, which he eventually made to fill 404 pages. In his diary, he made numerous notes relating to the quotations and popular sayings of various people and their views, whose he supported. In his diary, there were the views of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels. when he was in the condemned cell, he also wrote an Essay entitled “Why I am an atheist“, as he was being accused of hubris by not accepting God in the face of death. It is also said that he signed a mercy petition through a comrade Bijoy Kumar Sinha on 8 March 1931.
The patriotic Urdu and Hindi songs, Sarfaroshi ki Tamanna (translated as “the desire to sacrifice”) and Mera Rang De Basanti Chola (“my light-yellow-coloured cloak”) created by Ram Prasad Bismil, are largely associated to Bhagat Singh’s martyrdom and have been used in a number of Bhagat Singh-related films.
You can watch Movies Based on Bhagat Singh
- Shaheed-e-Azad Bhagat Singh (1954)
- Shaheed Bhagat Singh (1963)
- Shaheed (1965)
- The Legend of Bhagat Singh(2002)
- 23rd March 1931: Shaheed(2002)
- Rang De Basanti(2006)
Books on Bhagat Singh: The Selected Works of Bhagat Singh Click here
Thanks for listening
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